2020-09-19 23:58:43 标题分类：经典散文 关键词：高考,英语,阅读理解,解题,技巧,经典,题型 阅读：332
诠释申明文偏重申明事物的素质、特点和功用等。很多科普作品都属于这一类。在浏览这类作品时要学会处理what, how, why 等一类的成绩。它们是作品的关键。如能带着这些成绩浏览，将会更敏捷捉住作品的主题。
①Which of the following is true/NOT true in the passage?
②Which of the following statements is NOT discussed/mentioned in the passage?
③Which is the right order of the events given in the passage?
④All the following statements are NOT true except .
做此范例的题目成绩还要非常留意语句的逻辑关系。英语中有很多功用词，如：表因果关系的because, since, as等；表迁移关系的but, however ,on the contrary, on the other hand等等。
在be，be called，call等判断词产生的判断句中，或定语从句及标点符号，可以依照已知部份，推测生词的寄义。比方：The herdsman, who looks after sheep, earns about 650 yuan a year.经过明白定语从句的意义，能猜出herdsman是“牧人”。
在but，however，yet，otherwise，though这些示意意义迁移的连词产生的语句中，其前后的词有明明对照关系，依照已知的内容，经过这类对照关系，就很轻易猜出生词的词义了。比方：Though Tom’s face has been washed quite clean, his neck still remains grubby. 和clean意义相对的就是“邋遢的”了，于是可猜出句中grubby的意义是“邋遢的”。
because, since与as是毗邻缘由状语从句的附属连词，so是毗邻示意了局的状语从句的连词，so...that与such...that中的that是毗邻了局状语从句的。当这些信息词出如今有生词的语句中，经过因果关系，根据已知部份就能猜出生词的词义。比方：She wanted the hairdresser to trim her hair a bit because it was too long. 依照because从句所讲的意义，我们就可推测trim就是“修剪”之意。
使用逻辑推理才能，本身的糊口履历及糊口常识。再联络上下文能读懂的部份，可以精确猜出词义。比方：Most of the roses are beginning to wither because of the cold. 依照语句意义及糊口履历，wither示意“枯萎”。
平等关系，指的是一个词，一组词或短语在句中作统一身分，并且它们的词义都属于统一领域。明明的标记是，如此的词组或短语中央常使用并列连词and或or来毗邻。比方：At forty-two he was in his prime and always full of energy. 从“年纪42岁”以及与prime具有平等关系的full of energy可以猜出prime的意义是“盛年期间”。
You can take any of the periodicals: “The World of English”. “Foreign Language Teaching in Schools”, or “English Learning”. 从前面枚举的例子中，可以猜出periodical是“期刊，杂志”的意义。
The schools are reluctant to take off — even teachers with tickets for the England-Argentina game had trouble getting the day off.
C. free 【解题思绪】经过破折号可知精确谜底为B.
①What can you conclude/ imply from this passage?
②What’s the author’s attitude（立场）towards...?
③We can infer /learn from the passage that...
如：Once there was something wrong with a machine in a factory. The workers could do nothing but turn to a German engineer for help, who drew a line on it and said, “Take off the part where the line is and change it for a new one. ”The machine, with a new line on, began running well again. The engineer then asked for $ 30,000 for what he had done. The following were what he wrote on a bill, “The new part only costs one dollar, and knowing where the problem with the machine is costs $ 29,999.”
Q: What can you conclude from this passage?
A. the engineer asked for too much money
B. the workers should pay the money
C. the knowledge is worth money
D. the new part could cost more
要肯定作品题目，开始，要在浏览原文的基本上，斟酌题目能否与主题亲切相干；其次，看题目能否能综合全文内容。不克不及只综合漫笔中的某些究竟或细节；然后，要留意题目局限不应太大或太小；最终，题目应精练并能迷惑读者。即：1、奇特新奇 2、综合性强 3、短小精辟。
①The best title/ headline for this passage might be________.
②The text (passage) could be entitled ______.
③What is the best title for the passage?
④What’s the topic of the article?
如：In the 1930s, a lot of people in the USA were out of work. Among these people was a man named Alfred Butts. He always had an interest in word games and to fill his time he planned a game which he called “Lexico”.
However, he was not completely satisfied with the game, so he made a number of changes to it and changed its name from “ Lexico” to “Alph” and then to “Criss Cross”. He wanted to make some money from his new game but he didn’t have any real commercial(商业性的)success.
Q: The text is mainly about________.
A. Lexico B. Three men C . A word game D. Alfred Butts.
（2）主题句（topic sentence）及大旨粗心(main idea)的综合
①What is the topic sentence of the passage?
②This article/text/passage mainly tells that _____________.
③Which of the following gives a general idea of the passage?
④Which of the following is the main idea of the passage?
如：Joshua Bingham studied 4 years at the University of Paris and decided to leave his graduation. He transferred to the University of Berlin and graduated with honors. Harvard Law School and, later, Boston College provided him with an excellent legal background. He is presently a corporation lawyer in Miami, Florida.
Q: What is the main idea of the passage?
A. How Joshua Bingham became a lawyer.
B. Bingham is a diligent student.
C. Joshua Bingham received an excellent education.
D. A good lawyer needs good education.
【解题思绪】 此文没有主题句。全篇共四句，只报告了四个细节(detail)性的究竟。于是就谜底本身看，个个都对。读者只能将所有的details综合起来，实行逻辑推理，才能构成一个没有言明的主题思惟(unstated main idea)。因为文中次要触及了Joshua Bingham接管教诲的情形，即作者想告知我们的是：Joshua Bingham接管过精良的教诲，以是谜底是 Ｃ。
Mr. Lang worked in a factory. As a driver, he was busy but he was paid much. His wife was an able woman and did all the housework. When he came back, she took good care of him and he never did anything at home. So he had enough time when he had a holiday. A few friends of his liked gambling(赌钱) and he learned it soon. So he was interested in it and hardly forgot anything except gambling. He lost all his money and later he began to sell the television, watches and so on. His wife told him not to do it but he didn’t listen to her. She had to tell the police. He and his friends were punished for it. And he was hardly sent away. After he came out of lockup(拘留所), he hated her very much and the woman had to leave him.
It was New Year’s Day. Mr. Lang didn’t go to work. He felt lonely and wanted to gamble again. He called his friends and they came soon. But they were afraid the police would come. He told his five-year-old son to go to find out if there were the policemen outside. They waited for a long time and didn’t think the police would come and began to gamble. Suddenly opened the door and in came a few policemen.
“I saw there weren’t any policemen outside, daddy,” said the boy, “so I went to the crossing and asked some to come.”
1. Mr. Lang was paid much because _______.
A. he was a driver
B. he worked in a factoryC. he had a lot of work to do
D. he had worked there for a long time
2. Mrs. Lang did all housework because _______.
A. she couldn’t find any work
B. she thought her husband was tiredC. her husband spent all time in gambling
D. she wouldn’t stop her husband gambling
3. _______, so he was put into lockup.
A. Mr. Lang often gambled
B. Mr. Lang was late for workC. Mr. Lang didn’t help his wife at home
D. Mr. Lang wasn’t polite to the police
4. The woman had to leave Mr. Lang because _______.
A. he didn’t love her any longer
B. he wouldn’t stop gamblingC. he had been put into lockup
D. he was hardly sent away by the factory
5. Which of the following is right?
A. The boy hoped his father to be put into lockup The boy thought his father needed some The boy hoped his father to stop gambling The boy hoped his mother to come back.
1. C。细节题。依照第1段第2句话 As a driver, he was busy but he was paid much 可知谜底为 C。
2. B。揣摸题。依照第1段第3句话 His wife was an able woman and did all the housework. When he came back, she took good care of him and he never did anything at home 可知谜底为 B。
3. A。揣摸题。依照 His wife told him not to do it but he didn’t listen to her. She had to tell the police 可知谜底为 A。
4. A。细节题。依照 …he hated her very much and the woman had to leave him可知谜底为 A。
5. B。语义明白题。依照最终一句话 I saw there weren’t any policeman outside, daddy, so I went to the crossing and asked some to come 可知谜底为 B。
Students in many countries are learning English. Some of these students are small children. Others are teen-agers. Many are adults. Some learn at school, others by themselves. A few learn English by learning the language over the radio, on TV, or in film. One must work hard to learn another language.
Why do all these people want to learn English? It is difficult to answer this question. Many boys and girls learn English at school because it is one of their subjects required for study. They study their own language and maths and English: Some people learn it because it is useful for their work. Many people learn English for their work. Many people learn English for their higher studies, because at college or university some of their books are in English. Other people learn English because they want to read newspapers or magazines in English.
1. People learn English _______.
A. at school
B. over the radio
C. on TV
D. not all in the same way
2. Different kinds of people want to learn English _______.
A. together with other subjects
B. for different reas**C. for their work
D. for higher studies at colleges
3. From this passage we know that _______.
A. we can learn English easily
B. English is very difficult to learnC. English is learned by most people in the worldD. English is a useful language but one must work hard to learn
4. Which of the following is right?
A. We don’t need to learn any foreign We can do well in all our work without English is the most important subject in We should learn English because we need to face the world.
1. D。由第1段我们可以晓得练习英语的情势可以over the radio, on TV, or in film等差别的体式格局。
2. B。依照第2段人们练习英语的缘由有required for study, useful for their work, for high studies 等几种。由此可推知人们练习英语的缘由是差别的。
3. D。因为人们练习英语的各类缘由可以发明英语长短常有用的。但从small children到adults(成年人)都用各类情势去学，申明英语必需靠人的勤奋才能学好。
4. D。因为作品中说很多国度都练习英语，那末假如不练习英语就不克不及融入当代社会。以是练习英语的目标是we need to face the world(我们需求面临这个天下)。